Publication Ethics

Publication Ethic

Panalungtik is committed to provide a platform where publishing ethics is a major aspect of the editorial and peer-review process. The Editorial process for a submission to the journal consists of a review, typically a blind peer review, followed by a section editor's decision to accept or decline the submission.

If accepted in the review stage of the Editorial Process, the submission then goes through the editing stage which consists of copyediting, layout and proofreading. Then the submission is scheduled for publication in an issue of the journal.

The Editorial Process will be conducted by a team of Editors, Sections Editors, Copyeditors, Layout Editors, and Proof-readers. Editorial process chain in all its parts ensures the integrity of the published materials.


Panalungtik follows closely a set of guidelines and recommendations published by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and Council of Science Editors (CSE) Editorial policy statements. All parties involved in the publishing process including editors, reviewers, authors and others are required to be familiar with them and especially to adhere to the publication ethics guidelines and malpractice statements described below.


Publication and authorship

  • All contributions conform to the focus and scope of Panalungtik which can be found here
  • All manuscript should be written and organized in accordance to the Authors’ guidelines
  • Manuscripts submitted to this journal must not be under simultaneous consideration by any other journal
  • Manuscripts submitted to this journal should not have been published elsewhere in identical or substantially similar form.

Author’s responsibilities

  • All authors, including co-authors, are expected to have made reasonable attempts to check and validate results submitted to the journal for publication. This should be followed by the statement to the Editor that all data are real and authentic.
  • Authors are expected to keep all study data for later examination even after publication.
  • Authors should confirm that the manuscript is not in any portion under consideration elsewhere or published in another journal. This should be clearly stated in the letter to editor.
  • Authors need to ensure that all of them contributed to the scientific results and findings in the sufficient extent to be regarded as a co-authorship. “Guest authorship” without the actual involvement of the co-author and “Ghost authorship” without listing of real author are considered as a very serious misconduct.
  • Authors should have no commercial or non-commercial conflict of interest.
  • Authors are obliged to participate in the peer-review process and to the best of their ability to respond to the requirements of the Reviewers and Editors for the corrections and improvement of the manuscript.

Peer review / responsibility for reviewers

  • To agree to review only if they have required expertise to give proper assessment and judgement of the submitted paper.
  • To agree to review only if they are confident they can return the review within reasonable timeframe as set by the Editorial office.
  • Indicate if any of conflict of interest might arise by performing review.
  • Reviewers should point out on relevant published work which is not cited in the article.
  • Reviewers should immediately inform the Editors if any form of plagiarism is identified within submitted work including “text and data recycling” as well as “redundant or duplicate publication”.
  • By agreeing to review, reviewer is obliged to keep the confidentiality of the peer review and to refrain from taking advantage of the information contained in the submitted work.


Editorial responsibilities

  • Editors will ensure that all submissions go through the fast and fair peer-review and editorial procedure. The fast publication is a priority of Editors-in-chief, Section editors and Managing editors.
  • Editors take full responsibility for everything published in the Panalungtik, hence the acceptance or rejection of the submitted work is Editor’s sole decision. However, this decision should be based only on the originality and the quality of the paper and should not be affected by the religious, national, political or any other influences.
  • Editors should express the concern and act immediately if they receive inconclusive evidence of research or publication misconduct by the authors.

Publishing ethics issues and procedures for dealing with unethical behaviour

  • Panalungtik together with its editors make a great effort and devote considerable time to maintain and encourage academic integrity by ensuring that all published material conforms to the internationally accepted ethical guidelines. Editors seek assurance that research disclosed in the article has been approved by appropriate body.
  • If an inaccuracy, misleading text or wrong explanations are found in the published article, it must be corrected promptly.
  • In the case of seriously flawed article, a prompt reaction which might lead to the complete retraction of the article will ensue. The procedure for retracting articles will follow guidance produced by COPE.
  • Journal editors should consider issuing an expression of concern if they receive inconclusive evidence of research or publication misconduct by the authors.
  • Editor will promptly respond to possible misconduct or inappropriate behaviour of any parties involved in the publishing process including authors and reviewers. Misconducts can range from minor to serious breaches of the publication ethics. The procedure for dealing with such circumstances will strictly follow flowcharts and guidelines published by COPE.
  • Editors will be willing to publish corrections, erratums, clarifications and apologies if the need for doing so arises.
  • All complaints will be seriously investigated by the editor regardless of who files the complaint.